York County is home to approximately 68,890 people (2017 estimate) and ranks 19th in population among Virginia's 95 counties. In land area, however, York is the third smallest county in the state, making it the sixth most densely populated county. With a 5.7% increase in population since 2010, York County is the sixth-fastest growing locality in the Hampton Roads Area.

York County's population is heavily concentrated in the lower County, which represents slightly less than half the County's land area but is home to about 80% of its residents. Almost 60% of the land in the upper County is mostly uninhabited federal land that helps to keep the overall population density low.
Two Women with Present Bags

Age & Race

Based on 2012-2016 estimates, the median age in York County is 39.5 years, about the same as it was in 2010. The racial composition of the County's population has been fairly stable, with Caucasians representing approximately 77% of the population for the past 20+ years.

Housing, Households & Families

The vast majority of the County's estimated 23,900 households (2012-2016 estimate) are married-couple families, despite an increase in other types of living arrangements such as single-parent families, unrelated people cohabiting, and people living alone. Families represent 78% of all households, and 82% of them are married-couple families. This prevalence of married-couple families in York County is reflected in its relatively large average household size, which, at 2.76 persons per household, is one of the highest in the Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News MSA.

York County's median house value is $314,400, which is higher than the state average of $248,400 and much higher than the national average of $184,700.


York County's median household income is $88,871 and has grown by 4.7% since 2010. The County's median income is higher than both the state average of $71,220 and the national average of $59,083. York County ranks 12th in the state for household income (includes all counties and cities).

Census Tract Information - Upper Vs. Lower York County

The Census Bureau divides York County into 14 Census Tracts for the purposes of data collection and reporting. The part of the County lying north of Old Williamsburg Road (Route 238) includes the three northernmost tracts (509, 510, and 511) and is generally referred to as the upper County. This area contains much of the County's rural character, military presence (including Camp Peary, Cheatham Annex, and the Yorktown Naval Weapons Station), and tourist-oriented development. In terms of employment, shopping, and certain public services, the upper County tends to be more closely associated with the Williamsburg area than with the rest of York County, from which it is separated by the vast expanse of Federal property.
The lower County contains several areas and communities that have no defined legal boundaries but whose general location is commonly known to the citizens. The best known of these is historic Yorktown, which is the County seat and is located in Census Tract 505. Others include the Lackey community, Grafton, Tabb, Seaford, Dare, and Langley Air Force Base's 1,200-unit The Landings at Langley housing complex.