York County is home to approximately 67,200 people (2016 estimate) and ranks 19th in population among Virginia's 95 counties. In land area, however, York is the third smallest county in the state, making it the sixth most densely populated county. With a 16.89% increase in population since 2000, York County is one of the fastest growing localities in the Hampton Roads Area. The population growth rate is higher than the state average rate of 15.63% and is much higher than the national average rate of 11.61%.
York County's population is heavily concentrated in the lower County, which represents slightly less than half the County's land area but is home to about 80% of its residents. Almost 60% of the land in the upper County is mostly uninhabited federal land that helps to keep the overall population density low.
Age, Sex, & Race
Based on 2010-2014 estimates, the median age in York County is 39.7 years, about three years older than it was in 2000. The racial composition of the County's population has been fairly stable, with Caucasians representing approximately 77% of the population for the past 20+ years.
Housing, Households & Families
The vast majority of the County's estimated 24,600 households (2016 estimate) are married-couple families, despite an increase in other types of living arrangements such as single-parent families, unrelated people cohabitating, and people living alone. Families, as a percentage of all households, fell from 82% in 1990 to 79% in 2000 and again to 78.2% in 2010. Married-couple families fell from 70% in 1990 to 67% in 2000 to 63.58% in 2010 of all households. This prevalence of married-couple families in York County is reflected in its relatively large average household size, which, at 2.71 persons per household, was one of the highest in the Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News MSA. This is partly attributable to the County's large proportion of on-base military households living in housing that was built for military personnel with large families.
York County's median house value is $313,100 (2010-2014 estimates) and has grown by 105.04% since 2000. The house value growth rate is higher than the state average rate of 94.18% and is much higher than the national average rate of 46.91%.
York County's median household income is $80,900 (2010-2014 estimates) and has grown by 39.59% since 2000. The income growth rate is about the same as the state average rate of 38.81% and is higher than the national average rate of 27.36%. York County ranks 13th in the state for household income (includes all counties and cities).
Census Tract Information - Upper Vs. Lower York County
The Census Bureau divides York County into 14 Census Tracts for the purposes of data collection and reporting. The part of the County lying north of Old Williamsburg Road (Route 238) includes the three northernmost tracts (509, 510, and 511) and is generally referred to as the upper County. This area contains much of the County's rural character, military presence, and tourist-oriented development. In terms of employment, shopping, and certain public services, the upper County tends to be more closely associated with the Williamsburg area than with the rest of York County, from which it is separated by the vast expanse of Federal property. Census Tract 506 consists almost entirely of Federal property, including Camp Peary, Cheatham Annex, and the Yorktown Naval Weapons Station.
The lower County contains several areas and communities that have no defined legal boundaries but whose general location is commonly known to the citizens. The best known of these is historic Yorktown, which is the County seat and is located in Census Tract 505. Others include the Lackey community, Grafton, Tabb, Seaford, Dare, and Langley Air Force Base's 1,200-unit The Landings at Langley housing complex.